• Matthias Ferrieres

Prevention and early detection of cancer

Although great advances have been made in the treatment of cancer, the impact on survival rates has been incremental rather than dramatic. Many cancer patients are also diagnosed relatively late, at which stage their treatment options are often severely limited.



Early detection can also play an important role in reducing cancer mortality.

Primary strategies include the Pap test for cervical cancer, mammography, and colorectal cancer screening by occult blood testing, sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy.



Prevention and early detection of cancer are key strategies in cancer control efforts. You must be responsible for your own health – only you hold the key to your well-being.

If certain cancers are preventable and most cancers are treatable and curable, especially with effective treatment in the early stages.


How to Prevent Cancer or Find It Early?

  1. Screening Tests. Getting screening tests regularly may find breast, cervical, and colorectal (colon) cancers early, when treatment is likely to work best. ...

  2. Vaccines (Shots) Vaccines (shots) also help lower cancer risk. ...

  3. Healthy Choices


Whats is regular screening?

Screening helps to detect early signs of cancer or pre-cancerous conditions before any symptoms appear. By the time symptoms appear, the disease is often at an advanced stage.

Starting 40 years old, you should do a health screening every 2 years. From 55 years old, you should evaluate the opportunity to do it once every every year.


What are the benefits of screening?

  • Early Detection allows for Early Treatment

Screening helps to detect early signs of cancer or pre-cancerous conditions before any symptoms appear. The treatment would be less aggressive as the tumour is smaller and has not spread to other parts of the body

  • Less Treatment Needed means Less Cost Incurred

Treatment of early cancers is typically less invasive as compared to more advanced cancers.

Receiving less treatment also means less cost incurred and shorter recovery time.

  • Treating Pre-cancer before they have the chance to progress

If pre-cancerous conditions are found, there would be even less to worry about. Treatment can be done to prevent the conditions from progressing into cancer.




What are the healthy Choices:

  • A proper diet where you healthy food, vegetables and fruits regularly.

  • Regular exercise that will work out your cardio, endurance and performance.

  • Minimize Sun Exposure to avoid skin issues

  • Do not smoke, cigarettes increase by nearly 30 times your probability to have a cancer, and

  • Consume intelligently alcohol.



Sources:

https://www.singaporecancersociety.org.sg/get-screened/why-go-for-regular-cancer-screening.html#benefits-of-screening

https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/cancer-basics/what-cancer

https://www.singaporecancersociety.org.sg/get-screened/why-go-for-regular-cancer-screening.html#benefits-of-screening

https://mtalvernia.sg/news/when-should-i-start-going-for-health-screening/


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