In Singapore, there are two vaccines that are mandatory by law. These are Diphtheria and Measles.
A child should receive three doses of the Diphtheria vaccine before 1 year of age.
The first booster dose is given at 18 months of age followed by a top-up booster above the age of 11 years to maintain continued protection against diphtheria.
The first Measles vaccine is given at 12 months of age and second booster at age 15-18 months.
In addition to the mandatory vaccines, there are other vaccinations that a child needs to register in primary school in Singapore.
These vaccines include:
The Bacillus Calmette–Guérin vaccine is a vaccine primarily used against tuberculosis.
Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory disease. It is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis is known for uncontrollable, violent coughing which often makes it hard to breathe.
Tetanus is an infection caused by bacteria called Clostridium tetani. When the bacteria invade the body, they produce a poison (toxin) that causes painful muscle contractions. Another name for tetanus is “lockjaw”. It often causes a person's neck and jaw muscles to lock, making it hard to open the mouth or swallow.
Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus. The virus spreads from person to person and can infect a person's spinal cord, causing paralysis (can't move parts of the body).
Mumps is a contagious disease that is caused by a virus. It typically starts with a few days of fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite.
Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. Most people who get rubella usually have a mild illness, with symptoms that can include a low-grade fever, sore throat, and a rash that starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body.
Hepatitis B is a vaccine-preventable liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B is spread when blood, semen, or other body fluids from a person infected with the virus enters the body of someone who is not infected.