• Matthias Ferrieres

Explaining the Cancer

Cancer is a disease caused when cells divide uncontrollably and spread into surrounding tissues. Cancer is caused by changes to DNA. Most cancer-causing DNA changes occur in sections of DNA called genes. These changes are also called genetic changes.


What happens if you are a cancer?

A cancer can grow into, or begin to push on nearby organs, blood vessels, and nerves. This pressure causes some of the signs and symptoms of cancer. A cancer may also cause symptoms like fever, extreme tiredness (fatigue), or weight loss. This may be because cancer cells use up much of the body's energy supply.


CAUTION: Seven cancer warning signs you shouldn't ignore

  • C: Change in bowel or bladder habits. ...

  • A: A sore that does not heal. ...

  • U: Unusual bleeding or discharge. ...

  • T: Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere. ...

  • I: Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing. ...

  • O: Obvious changes in warts or moles. ...

  • N: Nagging cough or hoarseness.

How are most cancers found?

In most situations, a biopsy is the only way to definitively diagnose cancer. In the laboratory, doctors look at cell samples under the microscope. Normal cells look uniform, with similar sizes and orderly organization.



What are the most common cancers in females?

Some of the cancers that most often affect women are breast, colorectal, endometrial, lung, cervical, skin, and ovarian cancers. Knowing about these cancers and what you can do to help prevent them or find them early (when they are small, haven't spread, and might be easier to treat) may help save your life.


What are the most common cancers in Males?

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men, except for skin cancers.

How long does it take to recover from cancer?

Most cancers that are going to come back will do so in the first 2 years or so after treatment. After 5 years, you are even less likely to get a recurrence. For some types of cancer, after 10 years your doctor might say that you are cured. Some types of cancer can come back many years after they were first diagnosed.


What are the chances of healing from cancer?

More than 80% of people diagnosed with cancer types which are easier to diagnose and/or treat survive their cancer for ten years or more (2010-11). Less than 20% of people diagnosed with cancer types which are difficult to diagnose and/or treat survive their cancer for ten years or more (2010-11)




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